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This template is used to cite sources in Wikipedia. It is intended specifically for news sources. For citing journals/magazines and websites, see {{Cite journal}} and {{Cite web}}, respectively.

Contenido

[editar] Usage

All parameter names must be lower case.

Copy a blank version to use. Remember to use the "|" (pipe) character between each field. Please delete any unused fields to avoid clutter in the edit window.

Citations within a page should use consistent formats. However, there is no consensus about which format is best.

[editar] Common form with author(s) in a single parameter

Day Month Year
{{cite news |title= |author= |url= |newspaper= |date= |accessdate=20 mayo 2019}}
Month Day, Year
{{cite news |title= |author= |url= |newspaper= |date= |accessdate=mayo 20, 2019}}

[editar] Common form with first and last

Day Month Year
{{cite news |title= |first= |last= |url= |newspaper= |date= |accessdate=20 mayo 2019}}
Month Day, Year
{{cite news |title= |first= |last= |url= |newspaper= |date= |accessdate=mayo 20, 2019}}

[editar] All parameters

All parameters, horizontal format (delete parameters you don't need)
{{cite news |title= |author= |first= |last= |authorlink= |authorlink2= |author2= |author3= |author4= |author5= |author6= |author7= |url= |format= |agency= |newspaper= |publisher= |location= |isbn= |issn= |oclc= |pmid= |pmd= |bibcode= |doi= |id= |date= |page= |pages= |at= |accessdate= |language= |trans_title= |quote= |archiveurl= |archivedate= |deadurl= |ref=}}
All parameters, vertical format
{{cite news
| title       = 
| author      = 
| first       = 
| last        = 
| authorlink  = 
| authorlink2 = 
| author2     = 
| author3     = 
| author4     = 
| author5     = 
| author6     = 
| author7     = 
| url         = 
| format      = 
| agency      = 
| newspaper   = 
| publisher   = 
| location    = 
| isbn        = 
| issn        = 
| oclc        = 
| pmid        = 
| pmd         = 
| bibcode     = 
| doi         = 
| id          = 
| date        = 
| page        = 
| pages       = 
| at          = 
| accessdate  = 
| language    = 
| trans_title = 
| quote       = 
| archiveurl  = 
| archivedate =
| deadurl     =
| ref         = 
}}

[editar] Examples

Using first and last for author's name

{{cite news |first=Cassandra |last=Jardine |title=The return of the secondary modern |url=http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/tvandradio/3621779/The-return-of-the-secondary-modern.html |location = London |work=The Daily Telegraph |date=5 August 2004 }}

No author but sourced to a news agency

{{cite news |title=Drugs: Chips trader gets 15 years, 10 strokes |url=http://www.dailyexpress.com.my/news.cfm?NewsID=48660 |work=Daily Express |location=Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia |date=29 March 2007 |agency=Bernama }}

Using authorlink to link to article about the author on Wikipedia

{{cite news |first=George |last=Monbiot |authorlink=George Monbiot |title=From toxic waste to toxic assets, the same people always get dumped on |url=http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/cif-green/2009/sep/21/global-fly-tipping-toxic-waste |work=The Guardian |location=London |date=22 September 2009 }}

Using |format= parameter when not HTML. No need to use |location= parameter because "New York" is already in name of paper.

{{cite news |work=The New York Times |title=State Prison Treatment |date=4 February 1883 |url=http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?_r=1&res=9503E3D71631E433A25757C0A9649C94629FD7CF |format=PDF }}:* "State Prison Treatment" (PDF). The New York Times. 4 February 1883. http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?_r=1&res=9503E3D71631E433A25757C0A9649C94629FD7CF. 

Using page to identify the reference by page; news item in library but not on line

{{cite news |first=Arthur |last=Reed |title=Four-rate plan in air-fare 'jungle' |page=3 |date=9 December 1976 |work=The Times |location = London }}
  • Reed, Arthur (9 December 1976). "Four-rate plan in air-fare 'jungle'". The Times (London): p. 3. 

A foreign-language news article

{{cite news |author=Joliet, François |title=Honni soit qui mal y pense |date=30 April 2005 |language=French |work=Le Figaro |location=Paris |trans_title=Shame on Those Who Think Evil }}
  • Joliet, François (30 April 2005). "Honni soit qui mal y pense [Shame on Those Who Think Evil]" (in French). Le Figaro (Paris). 

Using archiveurl and archivedate to refer to items that disappeared from newspaper's own website but are now available from an archive site

{{cite news |author=Achenbaum, Emily S. |title=Freedom lost, without a trial |work=The Charlotte Observer |url=http://www.charlotteobserver.com/109/story/47573.html |date=11 March 2007 |archiveurl=http://web.archive.org/web/20070419112159/www.charlotteobserver.com/109/story/47573.html |archivedate=19 April 2007 }}

[editar] Parameters

[editar] Syntax

Nested parameters rely on their parent parameters:

  • parent
  • OR: parent2—may be used instead of parent
    • child—may be used with parent (and is ignored if parent is not used)
    • OR: child2—may be used instead of child (and is ignored if parent2 is not used)
Where aliases are listed, only one of the parameters may be defined; if aliased parameters are defined, then only one will show.

This template embeds COinS metadata in the HTML output, allowing reference management software to retrieve bibliographic metadata; see Wikipedia:COinS.

  • Be careful using templates within the citation template, as many will add a lot of extraneous HTML or CSS that will be rendered in the meta-data.
    • Known templates that should not be used: {{smallcaps}}.

By default, sets of fields are terminated with a period (.); this can be an issue when the last field in an abbreviation or initial with a period, as two periods then display. The only solution is to not include the last period in the value for the set of fields.

[editar] Description

[editar] Authors

  • last: Surname of author. Do not wikilink—use authorlink instead. Where the surname is usually written first—as in Chinese—or for corporate authors, simply use last to include the same format as the source. Aliases: last, author, authors, last1, author1
    • first: Given or first names of author, including title(s); for example: Firstname Middlename or Firstname M. or Dr. Firstname M., Sr. Do not wikilink—use authorlink instead. Aliases: first, first1.
    • OR: for multiple authors, use first1, last1 through first9, last9 for up to nine authors. By default, if nine authors are defined, then only eight will show and "et al." will show in place of the last author. Aliases: last1, author1 through last9, author9.
  • authorlink: Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author—not the author's website; do not wikilink. Aliases: authorlink, authorlink1, author-link, author1-link.
  • OR: for multiple authors, use authorlink1 through authorlink9. Aliases: authorlink1, author1-link through authorlink9, author9-link.
  • coauthors: (deprecated) Names of of coauthors. Use the same format as the authors.
When using Shortened footnotes or Parenthetical referencing styles with templates, do not use multiple names in one field else the anchor will not match the inline link.

[editar] Title

  • title: Title of source. Can be wikilinked to an existing Wikipedia article or url may be used to add an external link, but not both. If work is defined, then title is displayed in quotes, else displayed in italics.
    • trans_title: English translation of the title if the source cited is in a foreign language. Displayed in square brackets after title; if url is defined, then trans_title is included in the link. Use of the language parameter is recommended.
Titles containing certain characters will display and link incorrectly unless those characters are encoded.
newline [ ] |
space [ ] |
  • language: The language the source is written in, if not English. Displays in parentheses with "in" before the language name. Use the full language name; do not use icons or templates.

[editar] Periodical

  • work: Name of the source periodical. Displays in italics. Aliases: work, journal, periodical, magazine
    • issue: When the publication is one of a series that is published periodically.
    • department: Regular department within the periodical. Displays after work and is in plain text.
When set, work changes the formatting of other parameters:
title is not italicized and is enclosed in quotes.
chapter is italicized and is not enclosed in quotes.
location and publisher are enclosed in parentheses.
page and pages do not show p. or pp.
edition does not display.

[editar] Date

  • date: Full date of source being referenced; in same format as other dates in the article; do not wikilink. Displayed after the authors and enclosed in parentheses; if there is no author, then displayed after publisher.
  • OR: year: Year of source being referenced.
    • month: Name of the month of publication. If you also have the day, use date instead; do not wikilink.
    • origyear: Original publication year; displayed after the date or year. For clarity, please supply specifics; example: |origyear=First published 1859 or |origyear=Composed 1904.

[editar] Publisher

  • publisher: Name of publisher; may be wikilinked if relevant. Not normally included for periodicals. Corporate designations such as "Ltd", "Inc" or "GmbH" are not usually included. Displays after title; if work is defined, then publisher and location are enclosed in parentheses.
  • location: Geographical place of publication; generally not wikilinked; omit when the name of the work includes the location (examples: The Boston Globe, The Times of India). Displays preceding publisher.
  • publication-date: Date of publication when different from the date the work was written. Displays only if year or date are defined and only if different, else publication-date is used and displayed as date. Use the same format as other dates in the article; do not wikilink. Follows publisher; if work is not defined, then publication-date is preceded by "published" and enclosed in parenthesis.

[editar] Edition, volume

  • edition: When the publication has more than one edition; for example: "2nd", "Revised" etc. Displays " ed." after this field, so |edition=2nd produces "2nd ed." Does not display if a periodical field is defined.
  • volume: For one publication published in several volumes. Displayed in bold after the title and series fields; if bolding is not desired, then include the volume information in the title field.

[editar] In-source locations

  • page: Page in the source that supports the content. Displays preceded with Etiqueta desconocida «syntaxhighlight» unless |nopp=y.
  • OR: pages: Pages in the source that supports the content; separate page ranges with an en dash (–); separate non-sequential pages with a comma (,); do not use to indicate the total number of pages in the source. Displays preceded with Etiqueta desconocida «syntaxhighlight» unless |nopp=y.
    • nopp: Set to y to suppress the Etiqueta desconocida «syntaxhighlight» or Etiqueta desconocida «syntaxhighlight» notations where this is inappropriate; for example, where |page=Front cover.
  • OR: at: For sources where a page number is inappropriate or insufficient. Overridden by |page= or |pages=.
Examples: page (p.) or pages (pp.); section (sec.), column (col.), paragraph (para.); track; hours, minutes and seconds; act, scene, canto, book, part, folio, stanza, back cover, liner notes, indicia, colophon, dust jacket, verse.

[editar] URL

  • url: URL of an online location where the text of the publication can be found. Cannot be used if title is wikilinked. If applicable, the link may point to the specific page(s) referenced. Do not link to any commercial booksellers such as Amazon.com; see WP:PAGELINKS.
    • accessdate: Full date when URL was accessed; use the same format as other dates in the article; do not wikilink.
    • archiveurl: The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the url becomes unavailable. Typically used to refer to services like WebCite and the Internet Archive; requires archivedate.
      • archivedate: Date when the item was archived; use the same format as other dates in the article; do not wikilink.
      • deadurl: When the URL is still live, but preemptively archived, then set |deadurl=no. This changes the display order with the title retaining the original link and the archive linked at the end.
    • template doc demo: The archive parameters have error checking to ensure that all the required parameters are included, else {{citation error}} is invoked. On errors, main, help and template pages are placed into Category:Articles with incorrect citation syntax. Set |template doc demo=true to disable categorization; mainly used for documentation where the error is demonstrated.
  • format: Format of the work referred to by url; examples: PDF, DOC, XLS; HTML is implied and should not be specified; displayed in parentheses after title. Does not change external link icon.
URLs must begin with a supported URI scheme: http:// and https:// will be supported by all browsers; irc://, ircs://, ftp://, news:, mailto: and gopher:// will require a plugin or an external application and should normally be avoided. IPv6 host-names are currently not supported.
If URLs in citation template parameters contain certain characters they will display and link incorrectly. Those characters need to be percent-encoded. For example, a space must be replaced by %20. To encode the URL, replace these characters:
sp " ' < > [ ] | }
 %20  %22  %27  %3c  %3e  %5b  %5d  %7c  %7d
Single apostrophes do not need to be encoded; but unencoded multiples will be parsed as italic or bold markup. Single curly closing braces also do not need to be encoded; but an unencoded pair will be parsed as the double closing braces for the template transclusion.

[editar] Anchor

[editar] Identifiers

  • id: A unique identifier, used where none of the specialized identifiers are applicable; wikilink or use a template as applicable.

[editar] Quote

  • quote: Relevant text quoted from the source; enclosed in quotes. When supplied, the citation terminator (a period by default) is suppressed, so the quote needs to include terminating punctuation.

[editar] Editors

  • editor-last: Surname of editor. Do not wikilink—use editor-link instead. Where the surname is usually written first—as in Chinese—or for corporate authors, simply use editor-last to include the same format as the source. Aliases: editor-last, editor1-last, editor, editors.
    • editor-first: Given or first names of editor, including title(s); example: Firstname Middlename or Firstname M. or Dr. Firstname M., Sr. Do not wikilink—use editor-link instead. Aliases: editor-first, editor1-first.
    • OR: for multiple editors, use editor1-first, editor1-last through editor4-first, editor4-last for up to four editors.
  • editor-link: Title of existing Wikipedia article about the editor—not the editor's website; do not wikilink. Aliases: editor-link, editor1-link.
  • OR: for multiple editors, use editor1-link through editor4-link.
Display:
If authors: Authors are first, followed by the included work, then "In" and the editors, then the main work.
If no authors: Editors appear before the included work; a single editor is followed by "ed."; multiple editors are followed by "eds."; more than three editors will be followed by "et al., eds."

[editar] Laysummary

  • laysummary: URL link to a non-technical summary or review of the source; the URL title is set to "Lay summary".
    • laysource: Name of the source of the laysummary. Displays in italics and preceded by an endash.
    • laydate: Date of the summary. Displays in parentheses.

[editar] Display

  • author-mask: Replaces the name of the first author with em spaces wrapped in <del> () author-mask em in length. Set author-mask to a numeric value to set the dash in em spaces. Set author-mask to a text value to display a word instead; for example, "with". You must still include the values for all authors for metadata purposes. Primarily intended for use in bibliographies for some styles where multiple works by a single author are listed. Do not use in a list generated by {{reflist}}, <references /> or similar as there is no control as to the order that references will display.
  • author-name-separator: Changes the separator between last and first names; defaults to a comma and space (, ); if the parameter is present, but blank, no separator punctuation will be used; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk (*), colon (:) or hash (#) as they will be interpreted as wikimarkup.
  • author-separator: Changes the separator between authors; defaults to a semicolon and space (; ); if the parameter is present, but blank, no separator punctuation will be used; a space must be encoded as &#32; do not use an asterisk (*), colon (:) or hash (#) as they will be interpreted as wikimarkup.
  • display-authors: By default, the number of authors displayed is limited to 8; if 9 are provided, the ninth is displayed as "et al." This parameter allows display of fewer authors before the "et al."; example: |display-authors=2; if there are 8 or fewer authors, then "et al." may be suppressed by setting |display-authors=9.
  • lastauthoramp: When set to any value, changes the separator to use between the last two names in lists of authors to an ampersand (&); defaults to a semicolon and space (; ), else |author-separator= if set.
  • postscript: The closing punctuation for the citation; defaults to a period (.); if the parameter is present, but blank, no terminating punctuation will be used. Ignored if |quote= is specified.
  • separator: The punctuation used to separate lists of authors, editors, etc. Defaults to a period (.); if the parameter is present, but blank, no separator punctuation will be used; do not use an asterisk (*), colon (:) or hash (#) as they will be interpreted as wikimarkup.

This template produces COinS metadata; see COinS in Wikipedia for background information.

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